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Transplanting Peanut Plants

Peanut Farming January 05, 2018

Transplanting Peanut Plants

Choose a sunny location.

  • Peanut plants require full sun in order to grow properly.
  • Sun is important for the sake of photosynthesis, but full sun is advised because areas that receive full sun are likely to be the warmest in your garden. Peanut plants thrive in warm soil.

Wait until after the last frost passes.

  • Peanuts are fairly sensitive to frosts, so you should wait at least two to three weeks after the last suspected frost before you transplant any seedlings started indoors an outdoor garden.
  • The same guideline applies if you are planting seed peanuts directly into an outdoor plot. Wait several weeks after the last frost passes. Otherwise, the seed peanuts will not germinate.
  • The temperature of the soil should be about 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18.3 degrees Celsius), at minimum.

Improve the soil quality, if necessary.

  • The plant bed should be composed of loose, well-drained soil. If your soil is too heavy, you should add a few handfuls of sand to the soil to improve the quality and make it less dense. Dig and mix the sand in with a small trowel.
  • Avoid clay-type soils, which are hard to improve sufficiently.
  • You could use aged compost, as well, but you should limit the amount you use since it could give off nitrogen. This would be beneficial for many plants, but peanuts produce their own nitrogen, and adding more can be too much and ultimately stunt the growth of the plant.
  • You may also need to balance the soil pH if it is too acidic. Do so by adding a small amount of agricultural lime to the soil and mixing it in thoroughly.

Dig deep into the soil.

  • Dig at least 6 inches (15.24 cm) down into the soil, even if the plant is not yet that deep.
  • The roots need plenty of room to spread out. Digging into the soil helps to break up any compact areas, ultimately making it looser, and providing the roots the space they need.
  • After digging into the soil, fill in the bottom of each hole with 2 inches (5 cm) or so of the loose soil. Otherwise, you may accidentally plant the seedling too deep.

Plant the seedlings 10 inches (25 cm) apart.

  • The stem and leaf portions should be above the ground, but the root system should be completely below ground.
  • Fill in the rest of the hole gently with loose soil.
  • If using a decomposable planter, place the entire thing in the ground. If not, gently squeeze the sides of you container to loosen its contents. Tip the container so that the plant, roots, and soil come out in a clump in your hands. Transfer the entire clump to the outdoor plot.
  • Avoid exposing the sensitive roots.
  • If you planted the seed peanuts directly outdoors, you may decide to plant 2 to 3 seeds at each spot initially. You will need to thin the plants out, though, leaving only the strongest one at each spot.

Water the soil well.

  • Use a gentle hose or watering can to moisten the soil so that it feels moist when you touch the surface.
  • Note, however, that the soil should not be soaking wet. If puddles are forming on the surface of the plot, you may have added too much water.

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