Peanut Farming January 05, 2018
Organic Farming Of Peanut
Know the benefits of starting a peanut plant indoors.
- Peanuts have a long growing season and require 100 to 130 frost-free days to reach maturity.
- If you live in a cooler, Northern region, you should start the plants indoors roughly one month before the last anticipated frost.
- If you live in a warmer, Southern region, you can either plant the peanuts directly outdoors after the last frost or start them indoors a few weeks prior to the last frost.
Pick out good seed peanuts.
- You can plant raw peanuts purchased at the grocery store, but you might find it easier to grow peanuts if you start with seed peanuts purchased from a gardening store.
- Note that peanuts used as seeds must remain in their shells until just before planting. Otherwise, they will dry out too quickly and will fail to produce.
- Never use roasted peanuts. These will not germinate.
Fill a clean container with moist potting soil.
- Use a bowl or starter pot roughly 4 inches (10 cm) deep and fill it about 2/3 full with potting soil.
- If the soil is not already damp, moisten it with a watering can now, before you add the seed peanuts.
- The safest container to use would be a paper or peat pot since you can place the entire seedling, pot and all, into the ground when transplanting. You could use a plastic bowl or pot if that is your only alternative, though.
- Make sure that container is clean before you plant the peanuts, especially if you are using a plastic container. Wash it with warm water and soap, rinse well, and dry with clean paper towels.
Place a few seed peanuts on top of the soil and cover.
- Arrange four peanuts, with their shells removed, equidistant from each other on top of the soil, pressing them gently into the soil. Cover with roughly 1 inch (2.5 cm) of loose, moist soil.
- When shelling the peanuts, make sure that you do not remove the brown paper coating surrounding each nut seed. If you remove this or damage it, the peanuts may not germinate.
- You could plant the peanuts without removing the shell first, but they will grow quicker if you do remove the shell.
- If the soil is not moist when you add it, lightly water it with a watering can or spray bottle until it is moist to the touch but not soaked.
- If planting the seeds directly outside, plant them 2 inches (5 cm) deep and 8 inches (20 cm) apart.